Das Deutsche Alphabet, German Letters

In this lesson called German Alphabet (German letters), we will examine the pronunciation of the German alphabet and the letters in German one by one.

German alphabet i.e. das Deutsche Alphabet Lecture is very important especially for those who are new to learning German, it should be studied carefully. In addition, the differences between the German alphabet and the Turkish alphabet should be well known.

In the meantime, we will see the pronunciations that come together with some German letters, We will see letters in German that are not in Turkish, and letters in Turkish that are not in German., we will reinforce what we have told with examples and finally we will finish our topic with the German alphabet subject test.

Time to leave German Alphabet: Min 20 Minutes

For who: Primary and secondary education students, 9. Class Students, Beginners in German

After carefully examining our topic called German alphabet, we recommend that you solve the mini test at the end of our topic. Now, let's start to examine the German alphabet by giving our subject headings.

If you want to learn more about the German alphabet and hear the pronunciation of the German alphabet, that is, the pronunciation of the letters in German, you can watch our video called German alphabet on the youtube almancax channel.

Dear friends, the following lesson is the most comprehensive lecture written on the subject of the German alphabet, if you study this subject called German alphabet well. German alphabet and pronunciation You will have learned well.


First, let's see the letters in the German alphabet together in a table, and then let's examine the letters one by one. There are 30 letters in the German alphabet along with special characters. There are 26 letters and 4 special characters in the German alphabet.

German Alphabet

  • a: aa
  • b: be
  • c: se
  • d: de
  • e: ee
  • f: ef
  • g: ge
  • h: ha
  • i: ii
  • j: yot
  • k: ka
  • l: el
  • m: em
  • n: en
  • o: oo
  • p: pe
  • q: ku
  • r: er
  • s: es
  • t: te
  • u: uu
  • v: fau
  • w: and
  • x: iks
  • y: üpsilon
  • z: tset
  • ä: ae (a umlaut)
  • ö: öö (he is umlaut)
  • ü: üü (u umlaut) 
  • ß: es set

Examine both lowercase and uppercase letters in the German alphabet carefully from the image of the German alphabet below.

German Alphabet - German Letters
German Alphabet - German Letters

There are 26 letters and 4 special characters in German. of these special characters The characters Ä, Ö and Ü are umlaut forms of the letters A, O and U. Generally, it is not displayed in alphabets, it is shown separately.
The letter ß (estset) also means double s. It is also seen that SS (double s) is written instead of this letter in some places. The letter ß is always written in lowercase, if it is in capitals, it is written as SS. For example, if you want to capitalize all the letters of a word with the letter ß in it, the letter ß should be written as SS.

In German, the capital of the letter i is the letter I, not the letter I. The capital i letter (İ) is found in Turkish but not in German. There is also a lowercase I letter in Turkish but not in German. As in English, the letter R in German is generally not said in a very high pressure.

Reading and Coding of Letters in Almanci

German Letters

Check out the image we have prepared for you.

German Alphabet
German Alphabet

Now let's see the letters in the German alphabet one by one with their pronunciation:

a: aa

b: be

c: se

d: de

e: ee

f: ef

g: ge

h: ha

i: ii

j: yot

k: ka

l: el

m: em

n: en

o: oo

ö: öö

p: pe

q: qu

r: er

s: es

t: te

u: uu

ü: üü

v: fau

w: we

x: ix

y: üpsilont

z: set

ä: ae

ß: es set

The letters in the German alphabet are read and coded as above.
If someone wants you to code your name, you need to code the letters in your name one by one.

We said that there are no letters Ç, Ğ, İ, Ş in the German alphabet. If there is a letter in your name that is not in the German alphabet, such as Ç-Ğ-Ş, like the examples of MODERN, YAĞMUR, ÇAĞLA, these letters are coded in German without dots. In other words, you have to code the letter Ç as C, Ğ as G, and Ş as S.

German Letter Coding
















Letters on the German Alphabet that are not on the Turkish Alphabet

The letters Q, W, X, Ä, ß in the German alphabet are not in Turkish alphabet.

Non-German Alphabet in Turkish Alphabet

Letters such as Ç, ġ, Ş, İ, ı in the Turkish alphabet on the German alphabet are not found in the German alphabet.

Vocabulary in German Words

Some letters are used side by side in the word and in general the following readings are used:

ei : if e and i are side by side ay read as

ie : if i and e are side by side i read as

eu : If e and u are side by side oy read as

sch : If the letter s, the letter c, and the letter h come together ş read as

ch : If c and h are side by side h read as

z : z in word ts read as

au : if a and u are side by side o read as

ph : If p and h are side by side f read as

sp : If s and p are side by side severe pancreatitis read as

st : If s and t are side by side PIB read as

s : s is at the top of the glove z at the end, like s read as

Exceptions to the above reading rules are slight except that in some words these letters come side by side, but there are different readings depending on whether the letters are found at the beginning or end of the veil.

In the following image, some letters are shown side by side to show how the words are read.

How to read German words?

How to Read German Letters
How to Read German Letters

Note: in the German alphabet ä, ü, ö letters (AUO) are the shapes of the letters that have taken umlaut (point).

Friends who do not have special characters on their keyboard can write these letters on their computers using the following key combinations.

ä character: ALT + 132 (Alt + 132 means to write 132 by pressing Alt key)
ß character ALT + 225

Our non-Turkish keyboard can also draw Turkish characters in the following way:

I: ALT + 0253
I: ALT + 0221
ö: ALT + 0246
ü: ALT + 0252
ğ: ALT + 0240
ç: ALT + 0231
Work: ALT + 0222

Our German alphabet subject explanation is this much for now, dear friends. By studying the German alphabet well, you need to memorize the letters well, learn the pronunciation of German letters, and especially the pronunciation that occurs when some letters come together in German. After learning German letters, you can continue with other lessons.

You can write any questions and comments about our German lessons on almancax forums or in the comments section below. All your questions will be answered by almancax instructors.

Dear friends, To German forums As a member you can also share any kind of information about German.

Now that you know the German alphabet, German artikeller subject expression You can check out our tutorial.

If you do not know in which order you will follow the German lessons, German subject expressionsYou can check our. It is possible to follow our German lessons step by step in this order. You have taken the first step to learn German.

The almancax team wishes success ...

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23 Yorumlar
  1. Love diyor

    very good

  2. Tugba diyor

    It's very enlightening, thank you.

  3. the devil diyor

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  4. Ali Sarac diyor

    I think it should be developed further.

  5. enes diyor

    I think they can improve it further.

  6. asli nur acar diyor

    I'm studying for exams I'm going to 3rd grade

  7. . diyor


  8. bar diyor

    I'm new let's see

  9. Rage diyor

    i think it's very fun

    1. turgutxnumx diyor


  10. Rage diyor

    Very good

    1. KaaN diyor

      excellent german alphabet lecture

  11. Aygun diyor

    That's good!

    1. ilker35 diyor

      Only this German is not English. And the owner of the site speaks Turkish.

      1. KaaN diyor


  12. . diyor


    1. . diyor


  13. ilker35 diyor

    Danke schön.

  14. Job diyor

    german alphabet, german letters great lecture
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  15. SEA diyor


  16. Lemi diyor

    We saw it in 9th grade, but I did not understand the German alphabet very much, but now I understand

  17. SEDA diyor


  18. sense diyor

    this is the german alphabet

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