The subject we will cover in this lesson: German Verb Conjugation Dear friends, in this article, we will give information about German verbs, root of the verb, infinitive suffix and conjugation of German verbs.
Until this lesson, we have seen simple topics for beginners such as German days, German months, German numbers, German seasons and German adjectives. In addition to these, we have seen many German lessons such as German words that we can use in daily life and are very useful. In this lesson, German verb conjugation We will touch on the topic. After reading our lesson, we strongly recommend you to watch the video narration at the bottom of the page.
The subject of German verb conjugation is a subject that needs to be focused on, and must be learned and memorized well. It is not possible to form sentences correctly without learning the German verb conjugation. We are now first of all what is verb, what is the root of the verb, what is the infinitive verb, What are personal attachments, How to conjugate verbs in German We will focus on such basic issues. Rather than giving the German verb conjugation ready-made, German verbs We will teach you the logic of the work so that you can shoot.
German infinitive verbs
As you know, the infinitive state of verbs is called infinitive. In other words, the raw form of verbs, written in dictionaries is called the infinitive form of the verb. Infinitive suffix in Turkish -mak and -mek attachments. For example; come, go, do, to, read, see Verbs such as infinitives are verbs. To conjugate a verb in Turkish, the infinitive suffix is omitted and the appropriate tense and person suffixes are added to the root of the verb.
For example; infinitive readmak verb -mak when we throw out the infinitive suffix "readThe verb ”remains. Read actual, readmak is the root of the verb. Let's bring the appropriate time and person suffix to the word read:
Read -yor-um, here "read"Root of the verb,"yor"Present tense,"um"Is the person (me) jewelry. You are reading or we are reading or reading Verbs such as verbs are conjugated in the present tense but conjugated for separate persons. You are reading (you), we are reading (we), they are reading (they).
We think Infinitive forms of verbs in German We have given enough information regarding.
As can be seen, when we want to conjugate a verb according to persons in Turkish, we add separate additions to the root of the verb for each person. This is also the case in German. In Turkish -mak and -mek infinitive suffixes in German -en and -n attachments. Usually the suffix -en is the suffix, the -n suffix is rare. An infinitive verb in German -en or -n ends with the attachment. An infinitive verb in German -en or -n When we remove the attachment, we find the root of that verb. In dictionaries or verb lists, the infinitive form of the verb is always written. For example, the German equivalent of the verb to play is spielen.
In infinitive play from verb -en when we remove the suffix game word remains, game word play is the root of the verb. Tense and person affixes to this root of the verb game is added to the word. Another example öğrenmek Let's give the verb, öğrenmek German equivalent of the verb learn is the verb. Things to Learn The infinitive suffix from the verb i.e. -en when you remove your crop lerne the root remains. When conjugating German verbs, the tense and person suffixes are added to this root of the verb lerne is added to the word.
After learning the concepts of suffix and root in verbs Conjugation of German verbs we can pass. Let's show the simplest conjugation of the simplest verb as an example below.
Lernen, so to learn, let's conjure up the verb in the present tense according to all persons.
You should pay attention to and memorize the attachments added to the verb.
ATTACHMENT OF THE GERMAN LERNEN VERBAL
ADDITION TO THE NET
ATTRACTION OF THE ACT
|ich||e||lern-e||I am learning|
|du||st||lern-st||You are learning|
|er||t||lern-t||He's learning (male)|
|they||t||lern-t||She's learning (female)|
|es||t||lern-t||She's learning (neutral)|
|her||t||lern-t||You are learning|
|they||en||lern-en||They are learning|
|en||lern-en||You are learning|
Above learn We have seen the conjugation of the verb in the present tense. Things to Learn is the infinitive of the verb. Lerner is the root of the verb. The word en is the infinitive suffix. Suffixes are the root of the verb lerne is added to the word. Let's conjure up another verb as an example.
|ATTRACTION OF THE GERMAN KOMMEN VERBAL|
ADDITION TO THE NET
ATTRACTION OF THE ACT
|ich||e||komm-e||I am coming|
|er||t||komm-t||He's coming (boy)|
|they||t||komm-t||He's coming (female)|
|es||t||komm-t||He's coming (neutral)|
|we||en||komm-en||we are coming|
|her||t||komm-t||You are coming|
|they||en||komm-en||They are coming|
|en||komm-en||You are coming|
Yes dear friends, above is also in German come Yani come We gave examples of conjugation of the verb in the present tense. German fiiller They are drawn in the present tense like this. The affixes brought to the root of the verb in the present tense are as shown in the table above.
You can also conjugate other verbs according to individuals by looking at the table above, taking as an example.
German verb conjugation Our subject named will continue in our future lessons. In our next lessons, we will see the German verb conjugation according to the past and future tense. You can also find information about German regular verbs and German irregular verbs in the next lessons.
German Verb Conjugation Video Subject Lecture
German Verb Conjugation Subject Endings
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