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German Personal Pronouns

In this lesson, we will examine German personal pronouns. The personal pronouns that we know in the form of German I you it and we you them are words that are used in accordance with them instead of proper or generic nouns.

German pronouns are generally the subject of a sentence, just like in our Turkish. Therefore, it is necessary to learn German personal pronouns thoroughly. In Turkish, personal pronouns are the words I, you, it, we, you, them. Since there is only one "o" pronoun in Turkish, what we are talking about is for all three, whether it is male or female or genderless.o”We use the pronoun.

In Turkish, we also use the pronoun O for humans, we use the pronoun O for animals, and we use the pronoun O for inanimate beings or things. However, in German pronouns, the equivalent of the pronoun "o" is different for male, female and genderless nouns. For example; In Turkish, we can use the pronoun "o" for both male and female and inanimate entities.

For example, instead of the sentence "I see the book", we can say "I see it", we can say this in German, but in this sentence "UN”According to the sex of what we mean by pronoun er-si-es we need to use the appropriate pronoun. For male gender nouns in German personal pronouns er pronoun they pronoun for sexless nouns es pronoun.

When talking about individuals or special names er-si-es One of the pronouns is used. Pronouns are used for men and sie pronouns are used for women. For example, Muharram, Omar, Samet because they are male names in their place er pronoun. Zeynep, Melis, Mary because they are women's name in their place they pronoun. Pronouns are used for sexless beings. In other words; "er" is used instead of nouns with article, "sie" is used instead of nouns with article, "es" is used instead of nouns with article das. As can be seen, the use of German personal pronouns is slightly different from the use of Turkish personal pronouns.

Let us collectively illustrate the German Personal Pronouns:

German Personal Pronouns

German Personal Pronouns

Another issue that we should mention about German pronouns; as seen above they pronoun was written three times. First they pronoun third party What is that pronoun. Starting with the other lower case they ise plural in Turkish onlar is the equivalent of pronoun. Starting with the last capital letter pronouns to people you can not say gracious to use.

For example, we address our teacher, our manager, our elders as you, not you. Used for this purpose pronoun is always capitalized. German they We seem to hear you say nasıl how to distinguish them “because pronoun has more than one meaning. Let's answer it now.

In a sentence sie - Sie When you see the pronoun, we look at the conjugation of the verb to understand who-what it means. The conjugation of the verb; We understand whether the pronoun is used in the sense of “it,, whether it is used in the sense of“ them, or if it is used in the sense of “you”. Already used for the purpose of gentle “Sie an pronoun because the initials are always capitalized, if (although not at the beginning of the sentence) eğer " pronoun then we can easily understand that it is used for gentle appeal. As you examine the example sentences we will give you in a moment, you will understand the subject better.

In our previous lessons, we learned simple definition sentences in German such as “this is a book, this is a table” and how to form sentences. Now that we have learned personal pronouns, let's learn to make sentences like "I am a teacher, you are a student, he is a doctor" in the same style. In these sentences I you she The words are one person pronouns.

Let us give a visual example to German pronouns. The visual below will provide a better understanding of the subject.

German Personal Pronouns

German Personal Pronouns

Now let's learn to build sentences like “I am a teacher, you are a student, he is a doctor”. In these sentences I you she The words are one person pronouns. In the construction of such sentences, as in English (eg am-is-are), auxiliary verbs are used. Now let's see the auxiliary verbs used in German and their inflections according to personal pronouns.

It should be noted that the following table should be thoroughly memorized. See also the examples next to the table. In the example sentences, first person pronoun followed by auxiliary verb and then a name. The pattern of such sentences is like this. To the right of the table are examples of similar sentences in English. Observe the following table carefully.

German Pronouns

German Pronouns

German Pronouns


In the above table, examples are given in the simplest form of sentences created using German pronouns. You can also make a variety of sentences on your own to practice. The more you practice, the sooner and easier you will learn German personal pronouns.

Let us give you a table of German pronouns once, you can print this page if you wish.

ich BEN
du SEN
we WE
her YOU
they THEM
YOU (Gentle HITAP)

As a list:

German personal pronouns:

  • ich: me (H)
  • du: you (Di)
  • er: o masculine
  • sie: o (female)
  • es: o (es) (neutral breed)
  • wir: we (V)
  • ihr: you (IGR)
  • sie: they (Zu :)
  • Sie: you (zi :)

Dear friends, if we summarize the German personal pronouns briefly, as seen above, the German sie pronoun has several different meanings. These meanings from the course of the sentence or verb conjugation etc. possible to remove. The important thing is that you know these words thoroughly right now.

You should also remember that in the pronouns given above, Sie pronoun, which is used only for gentle appreciation, is written in upper case and the other in lower case. We often use gentle oratory to address older people or unfamiliar people. If you examine and learn the example sentences about the German pronouns given above, you will not have any problem.

You can write any questions and comments about our German lessons on almancax forums. All your questions will be answered by almancax instructors.

The almancax team wishes success ...


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